The Philippines became independent from the United States in 1946 and signed the San Francisco Peace Treaty with Japan in 1951. Diplomatic relations were normalized and resumed in 1956, when an agreement on war reparations was reached. By the late 1950s, Japanese companies and individual investors had begun to return to the Philippines. Immediately after the war, there was no formal relations between the two countries. The Philippines and Japan remained in a state of war until July 23, 1951, when the Treaty of San Francisco was signed. However, the signing of the treaty did not immediately establish diplomatic relations. (The Philippine Embassy in Tokyo was opened on July 23, 1956, while the Kobe Consulate was opened on August 28, 1956, when Garcia was Vice President and Minister of Foreign Affairs under Magsaysay). What the recently signed agreement reminds us of is the timelessness of the actions of Presidents Quirino and Garcia. Both are examples of our humanity and have defined what it means to be Filipino, even for those who were our worst enemy.
Their actions paved the way for post-war relations with Japan, actions that, until now, have seemed true and readily remember. These measures will continue to play a role if we advance our bilateral relations with Japan. (By Geronimo Suliguin) The agreement is a cooperation for the humanitarian repatriation of the remains of Japanese Soldiers of the Second World War to the Philippines. It aims to facilitate the collection, handling, storage and shipping of Japanese remains. I would like to take this opportunity to congratulate all those in the Philippine government, under the leadership of Ambassador Neri, who have worked long and difficult hours to develop this agreement, for a job well done. The country owes their esteem and gratitude. On February 29, 2016, Japan signed a pact to supply defence equipment to the Philippines. The agreement provides a framework for the provision of defence equipment and technologies and will enable the two countries to carry out joint research and development projects.  On April 3, 2016, the Japanese-trained submarine JS Oyashio and the two destroyers JS Ariake and JS Setogiri docked at Alava Wharf in Subic Bay In early May 2016, planning for a Japanese-Philippine mutual defence contract was one of the government`s most important defence plans if Mar Roxaa were to win. However, the presidential elections on 10 May led to the victory of Rodrigo Duterte. In October 2016, discussions on the defence treaty were revived when the government said that Duterte and Abe`s possible contract could be discussed during Duterte`s first official visit to Japan. However, the visit did not give rise to any discussions about a possible contract after Duterte`s decision to ally with China.  Philippine President Corazon Aquino visited Japan in November 1986 and met with Emperor Hirohito, who apologized for Japan`s injustices during World War II. During the visit, new foreign aid agreements were also concluded. Aquino returned to Japan in 1989 for Hirohito`s funeral and in 1990 for the induction of Emperor Akihito. Strategic relations between the two countries have been strong lately. Japan supports the resolution of the Islamic insurgency in the Philippines.  In 2013, Japan announced that it would donate ten vessels worth $11 million to the Philippine Coast Guard.